WELCOME TO PoP & GG's PLACE!!

"FEATURING THE IBM 1401 COMPUTER THAT BECAME A HUGE PART OF HIS LIFE IN HIS FIRST JOB AFTER COLLEGE....
HOME BIRTHDAY PAGE LIFE LESSONS TRUCKS, VANS, and AUTOMOBILES PoP'S COMPUTER PAGE
 



IN JUNE OF 1962 I WENT TO WORK AT UNION PLANTERS NATIONAL BANK....WHEN I REPORTED TO THE PERSONNEL DEPT. ON MY FIRST DAY, MR. CHARLES RAUSCHER TOLD ME THAT INSTEAD OF GOING TO WORK IN THE 'TRANSIT DEPT.' THAT THERE WAS AN OPENING IN THE NEWLY ESTABLISHED 'DATA PROCESSING DEPT.' AND ASKED IF I WOULD BE INTERESTED IN WORKING IN THAT AREA....I DIDN'T KNOW AT THAT TIME THAT IT WOULD LEAD ME TO 12 WONDERFUL, REWARDING YEARS BEFORE I ANSWERED GOD'S 'CALL' TO BECOME A MINISTER. WHEN I LEFT 12 YEARS LATER, I WOULD BE AN ASSISTANT VICE-PRESIDENT AND HEAD OF THE COMPUTER SERVICES DEPT....

THE MAIN OFFICE WAS AT 69 MADISON AVENUE WHICH ENDED AT FRONT STREET. IT WAS A 12 STORY BUILDING AND AT VARIOUS TIMES I HAD OFFICES ON FLOORS 2...6...AND 12. MY OFFICE ON 12 HAD CORNER WINDOWS WITH A VIEW OF THE RIVER NORTH AND SOUTH. IN 1971 THE ENTIRE COMPUTER OPERATIONS CENTER AND MY COMPUTER SERVICES DEPT. MOVED INTO A NEW BUILDING DIRECTLY ACROSS MADISON FROM THE MAIN OFFICE....A HUGE TUNNEL IS UNDERNEATH MADISON CONNECTING THE TWO BUILDINGS....AMONG OTHER USES, WELLS FARGO AND/OR BRINKS WOULD PULL INTO THE NEW BUILDING IN A SECURED AREA AND THE MONEY WOULD BE CARRIED BY THE TUNNEL TO THE BANK VAULT...

THE PICTURE ON THE RIGHT SHOWS THE MAIN OFFICE AND THE CLASSY BRASS DOORS I ENTERED EVERY MORNING FOR 8 YEARS....THE ONE ON THE LEFT IS THE NEW OPERATIONS CENTER WHERE I SPENT MY LAST FOUR YEARS....
THE NEW OPERATIONS BUILDING WAS BEAUTIFUL, BUT NOW LOOKS ROUGH... IT HAD 5 FLOORS OF PARKING, WHERE WE KEPT OUR FLEET OF LEASED CARS AND LEASED PARKING SPACES TO THE PUBLIC, AND 4 FLOORS OF OFFICE SPACE....MY DEPARTMENT OCCUPIED THE 9th FLOOR AND WAS FULLY DECORATED ALONG A THEME OF THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER...UNFORTUNATELY, MY OFFICE WINDOWS LOOKED OUT ONTO THE NORTH SIDE OF THE MAIN OFFICE...LOL... ONE OF MY BANK FRIENDS, GILES COORS, WAS MARRIED TO THE ARTIST, SOPHIE COORS. FOR OUR CONFERENCE ROOM, I COMMISSIONED HER TO DO A LARGE PAINTING OF THE MEMPHIS SKYLINE AS IT APPEARED FROM THE ARKANSAS SIDE OF THE RIVER....IT WAS BEAUTIFUL! SHE LATER BUILT A 'NAME' FOR HERSELF AND HAD SHOWS AT SOME MAJOR NEW YORK AND PARIS STUDIOS....(I GOT A LITTLE SERIOUS QUESTIONING FROM THE EXEC. VICE-PRESIDENT, TO WHOM I ANSWERED, ABOUT THE AMOUNT OF MONEY I SPENT ON THE PAINTING.....BUT I DIDN'T CARE...WHAT'S THE OLD SAYING,,,'IT'S BETTER TO ASK FOR FORGIVENESS THAN TO ASK FOR PERMISSION?'...) I HAVE OFTEN WONDERED WHERE THAT PAINTING ENDED UP, BECAUSE BY THE TIME SOPHIE DIED, WAY TOO YOUNG, IT WOULD HAVE EASILY TRIPLED IN VALUE...


AT THE TIME I JOINED UNION PLANTERS, THE BANK'S FIRST COMPUTER WAS JUST BEING INSTALLED. IT WAS AN IBM MODEL 1401, WHICH THE BANK LEASED, WITH PUNCHED CARD AND MAGNETIC TAPE INPUT/OUPUT AND A HIGH SPEED PRINTER....ALL OF THIS YOU WILL SEE IN PICTURES. THE TWO MAJOR BANKS IN MEMPHIS AT THAT TIME WERE UNION P. AND FIRST NATIONAL.  FIRST NAT'L.  WAS A BURROUGHS COMPUTER SHOP AND UNION P WAS ALL IBM...KIND OF LIKE SOME FOLKS ARE CHEVY PEOPLE AND OTHERS ARE FORD FOLKS....OR IN THE DELTA WHERE FOLKS ASK IF YOU HAVE RED OR GREEN FARM EQUIPMENT.....LOL

IN THOSE YEARS IBM HAD A LARGE OFFICE RIGHT ACROSS FROM METHODIST HOSPITAL ON UNION AVE......THAT IS WHERE I GOT MY EDUCATION IN HOW TO WRITE PROGRAMS TO MAKE THE COMPUTER DO WHAT WAS NEEDED....THE 'LANGUAGE' USED WAS CALLED 'AUTO-CODER', AND IT IS KIND OF LIKE LEARNING A NEW SPOKEN LANGUAGE.....LATER I WOULD ATTEND OTHER IBM SCHOOLS IN CHICAGO AND CLEVELAND, OHIO....(AFTER RETIRING FROM 'PREACHING', I WENT BACK TO SCHOOL AT THE DESOTO CENTER IN SOUTHAVEN AND LEARNED A WHOLE NEW 'LANGUAGE'  (HTML)  WHICH I HAVE USED IN DEVELOPING AND MAINTAINING THIS WEB SITE.)
THE IBM OFFICE WAS STAFFED WITH TECHNICIANS....INSTRUCTORS...AND SALES PEOPLE. UNION P. WAS SUCH AN IMPORTANT CUSTOMER THAT THEY HAD A TECHNICIAN ON SITE AT OUR BANK AT ALL TIMES....WE PURCHASED ALL OF OUR PUNCHED CARDS....COMPUTER PRINTOUT PAPER, PRINTER RIBBONS, ETC. FROM THAT OFFICE....

NOW, A VERY INTERESTING SIDE NOTE HERE....ONE OF THE SALESMEN WHO MADE 'SALES' CALLS ON THE BANK IN THOSE DAYS WAS  JIM  BARKSDALE, WHO WOULD LATER LEAVE IBM AND BECOME THE COO OF  FED  EX.....THEN THE CEO OF  ATT  WIRELESS AND IN 1995 BECAME THE CEO OF A COMPANY CALLED  'NETSCAPE' WHICH WAS ONE OF THE VERY FIRST COMPANIES TO CAPITALIZE ON THE WORLD WIDE WEB (INTERNET) AND WAS EVENTUALLY BOUGHT BY AMERICA ONLINE (AOL)...HE AND HIS WIFE, SALLY, HAVE POURED MUCH OF THEIR WEALTH INTO PROGRAMS TO HELP IMPROVE THE SCHOOL SYSTEMS OF MISSISSIPPI....(HAD I KNOWN HE WAS GOING TO BE SO SUCCESSFUL, I MIGHT HAVE BEEN NICER TO HIM AND BOUGHT MORE PRODUCT, BUT HE WAS AN OLE MISS ALUM AND WE HAD OUR 'DIFFERENCES' OVER FOOTBALL...LOL)

IT AMAZES ME THAT I NOW CARRY A DEVICE IN MY SHIRT POCKET (AN APPLE SMART PHONE) THAT CAN RUN CIRCLES AROUND THAT FIRST COMPUTER WHICH REQUIRED NEARLY 1,500 SQUARE FEET OF A COMPLETELY GLASSED-IN ROOM..... HAD A RAISED FLOOR TO ACCOMMODATE THE THICK CABLES THAT CONNECTED THE DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE SYSTEM TOGETHER AND HAD ITS OWN COOLING SYSTEM DUE TO THE AMOUNT OF HEAT GIVEN OFF THE MAIN PROCESSING UNIT....
THERE WERE FOUR OF US 'PROGRAMMERS/SYSTEMS ANALYSTS' WHO, WITHIN 3-4 YEARS, DEVELOPED THE SYSTEM FLOW AND INDIVIDUAL 'PROGRAMS' TO AUTOMATE THE ACCOUNTING FOR THE BANK'S 12O,000 CHECKING ACCOUNTS...100,000 SAVINGS ACCOUNTS...APPROX. 60,000 INSTALMENT LOANS AND TO PROVIDE THE REPORTS NEEDED BY MANAGEMENT TO OVERSEE THE BANK'S OPERATION...OUR RESPONSIBILITY INCLUDED DEVELOPING THE OPERATIONAL MANUALS USED BY BANK EMPLOYEES IN THE MAIN OFFICE AND IN THE 20+ BRANCHES AROUND MEMPHIS....WE ALSO PROVIDED TRAINING SESSIONS FOR MANAGEMENT AND REGULAR EMPLOYEES.....

IN 1968 THE 'COMPUTER SERVICES DEPT.' WAS ESTABLISHED AND I WAS GIVEN THE TASK OF TAKING OUR UNION PLANTERS ACCOUNTING PROGRAMS, AS OUTLINED ABOVE, AND MODIFYING THEM TO ACCOMMODATE THE PROCESSING OF THE SAME FUNCTIONS FOR MULTIPLE BANKS IN THE MID-SOUTH AREA (MISSOURI BOOTHEEL,.. EASTERN ARK,...WEST TENN... AND NORTH MS)...THIS WAS AN INCOME SOURCE FOR UNION PLANTERS, AND THE PROJECTED INCOME FOR MY LAST YEAR THERE WAS APPROX. $ 4 MILLION... MAKING THIS POSSIBLE WAS THE USE OF OUR COMPUTER SETUP DURING THE OVER-NIGHT HOURS WHEN THE EQUIPMENT WOULD HAVE JUST BEEN SITTING IDLE FOR 12 HOURS... (MANY OF THOSE HIRED TO WORK THE NIGHT SHIFT WERE COLLEGE STUDENTS)
FROM 1970 UNTIL I RESIGNED TO GO TO SEMINARY IN 1974, I WAS THE HEAD OF THAT DEPARTMENT AND WE WERE DOING THAT OVER-NIGHT WORK FOR 75 DIFFERENT BANKS.... BY THEN WE HAD ALSO BEGUN OFFERING AUTOMATED PAYROLL...CHECK RECONCILIATION....AND ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE SERVICES TO LOCAL AREA BUSINESS (ABOUT 30 COMPANIES ALL TOGETHER INCLUDING...STAX RECORDS...SESSELLS GROCERY..COOK INDUSTRIES...DOBBS HOUSE CORP...PLOUGH INC...BAUER AUTO PARTS...AND THE 'COUNTRY' BANKS, FOR WHOM WE PROVIDED SERVICES, COULD ALSO OFFER THEIR LOCAL CUSTOMERS THESE SAME ACCOUNTING SERVICES.)....SINCE IT WAS PRIMARILY NIGHT TIME WORK, I WAS 'ON CALL' BASICALLY FIVE NIGHTS A WEEK TO RESOLVE ISSUES THAT WERE BEYOND SUPERVISORY LEVEL....NOW FOR A LOOK AT THE COMPUTER AND ITS COMPONENTS....

THE FOLLOWING STATEMENT IS FROM WIKIPEDIA AND PROVIDES A DEFINITION FOR PoP'S OLD COMPUTER 'FRIEND'...AND ITS PLACE IN THE HISTORY OF COMPUTERS FOR BUSINESS APPLICATIONS....
THE The IBM 1401 is a variable wordlength decimal computer that was announced by IBM on October 5, 1959. The first member of the highly successful IBM 1400 series, it was aimed at replacing unit record equipment for processing data stored on punched cards and at providing peripheral services for larger computers. The 1401 is considered to be the Model-T Ford of the computer industry, because it was mass-produced and because of its sales volume. Over 12,000 units were produced and many were leased or resold after they were replaced with newer technology. The 1401 was withdrawn on February 8, 1971.
HERE IS A PICTURE OF THE DEPARTMENT IN 1964....I AM ON THE FAR RIGHT AGAINST THE WALL IN THE DARK SUIT STANDING NEXT TO PHILLIP McBEE IN THE WHITE SHIRT.....
THE MAIN PIECE IN THE WHOLE SCHEME OF THINGS WAS THE PUNCHED CARD....YEARS AGO A MAN NAMED HOLLERITH DEVELOPED AN ALPHABET AND NUMBER STRUCTURE USING A COMBINATION OF PUNCHES IN THESE 80 COLUMN CARDS...
AFTER I WROTE A SERIES OF INSTRUCTIONS (PRINTED IN LONG-HAND), AND IT MIGHT TAKE PAGES AND PAGES OF THESE INSTRUCTIONS/COMMANDS, USING THE 'AUTOCODER' LANGUAGE I HAD LEARNED, I WOULD GIVE THE SHEETS TO A LADY WHO OPERATED A 'KEY-PUNCH' MACHINE....IT HAD A TYPEWRITER KEYBOARD, BUT WHEN THE LADY PUNCHED THE LETTER 'A', THE MACHINE WOULD MAKE THE CORRECT COMBINATIONS OF PUNCHED HOLES FOR THE COMPUTER TO READ.. THE SMALL DECK IN FRONT...(NOTICE A COLORED CARD A FEW CARDS BACK) TAKES THE LARGER DECK OF HER PUNCHED CARDS AND TRANSLATES THEM INTO THE MACHINE 'LANGUAGE' AND PUNCHES OUT A SMALLER DECK THAT CAN THEN BE FED INTO THE COMPUTER TO INSTRUCT IT IN WHAT TO DO.. THE BOX SHOWS EXACTLY HOW WE WOULD LABEL OUR PROGRAM NAMES ON THE TOP OF THE 'PROGRAM DECK' AND PUT THEM IN BOXES TO BE PLACED IN THE COMPUTER ROOM FOR THE OPERATORS TO PULL OUT WHEN THEY NEEDED TO RUN A SPECIFIC PROGRAM...

THIS PIC SHOWS ALMOST THE EXACT SAME SETUP AS OUR 1401 EQUIPMENT BUT WITHOUT THE DESK IN THE MIDDLE OF THE SETUP....AND STRANGELY ENOUGH, WE HAD NO FEMALE OPERATORS AT THAT TIME AND IT WAS IN MY LAST YEAR OR SO BEFORE THERE WERE FEMALE PROGRAMMER/ANALYSTS. THE FIELD OF AUTOMATION WAS JUST NOT A BIG ATTRACTION FOR WOMEN IN THOSE DAYS... HERE IS THE CONSOLE CONTROL PANEL WHICH THE COMPUTER OPERATOR WOULD USE TO GET THE PROGRAM STARTED AFTER SETTING UP THE CARD READER/SORTER/PUNCHER...THE PRINTER...AND ANY TAPE DRIVES NEEDED. THIS IS THE 1402 CARD READER/PUNCHER, WHICH COULD ALSO BE USED 'OFF-LINE' TO SORT CARD DECKS INTO ASCENDING OR DESCENDING ORDER AFTER READING THE 'FIELD' THAT WAS TO BE SORTED....MAYBE ACCOUNT NUMBER, OR NAME, OR ANY NUMBER OF INFORMATION...

THE PRINTER HAD THE CAPACITY TO PRINT 1100 LINES PER MINUTE. IT HAD A METALLIC CHAIN WHICH ROTATED AT HIGH SPEED AND INCLUDED 5 SETS OF ALPHABETIC CHARACTERS AND NUMBERS....AMAZING TECHNOLOGY FOR THOSE DAYS....PRINTED CLEAR, CONCISE STRAIGHT LINES AND PRODUCED AN ORIGINAL PLUS FIVE COPIES (IF NEEDED) OF ANY REPORT.. OUR FOUR TAPE DRIVES USED MAGNETIC TAPE REELS THAT WERE 2400 FEET IN LENGTH AND ABOUT 1/2 INCH WIDE...EVERYTHING WAS 'BACKED UP' ON THESE TAPES AND EVERYDAY A 'BACKUP' SET WENT TO THE BANKS MAIN VAULT....WE HAD A TOTAL OF THREE DAYS BACKUPS IN THE VAULT AT ALL TIMES.. WITH THE ADVENT OF MAGNETIC INK ON INDIVIDUAL CHECKS, WE BROUGHT IN A 1419 MAGNETIC INK CHARACTER READER (MICR, FOR SHORT)....THE CHARACTERS ON THE BOTTOM OF YOUR CHECKS TELL WHERE YOUR BANK ACCOUNT RESIDES....WHAT YOUR ACCOUNT NUMBER IS...THE CHECK NUMBER ITSELF, BUT THE AMOUNTS HAVE TO BE ADDED BY AN OPERATOR USING A MACHINE SIMILAR TO A KEY PUNCH, BUT IT PRINTS THE AMOUNT RATHER THAN PUNCHING HOLES...IT 'READ' THE CHECKS AT ABOUT 1,600 PER MINUTE SO IF A 'JAM' OCCURED AT ONE POCKET, THERE WOULD BE A HUGE 'PILE UP'...IT WOULD TAKE MINUTES TO UNTANGLE THE MESS AND TO RETRIEVE ALL THE TORN PIECES...THESE WOULD BE TAKEN TO A KEY PUNCH OPERATOR AND THE INFO ENTERED BY CARDS LATER...

AS STATED EARLIER, IBM HAD A MAN DEDICATED TO OUR FACILITY...IN THE PIC THIS MAINTENANCE ENGINEER HAS PULLED DOWN A SECTION OF THE MAIN MEMORY BANK....IT'S HARD TO DESCRIBE BUT AT THAT TIME, THE MEMORY CORE WAS A SERIES OF PANELS WITHIN WHICH THERE WERE METAL WIRES RUNNING AT 90 DEGREE ANGLES TO EACH OTHER...AT EVERY INTERSECTION OF THOSE WIRES, THEY WENT THROUGH A FERROUS DOUGHNUT SHAPED THING...ELECTRIC IMPULSES ALONG THE INTERSECTING WIRES TURNED THE 'DOUGHNUT' 'ON' OR 'OFF'...THE COMBINATION OF 'DOUGHNUTS' IN A LINE BEING 'ON' OR 'OFF' TOLD THE COMPUTER THE LETTER OR NUMBER BEING REPRESENTED.... THIS PICTURE REVEALS ONE OF THE WIRES AND 'DOUGHNUTS' SECTIONS...IT TOOK 16 OF THOSE 'DOUGHNUTS' TO MAKE UP ONE (1) BYTE OF STORAGE....OUR 1401 HAD   8,000  BYTES OF STORAGE AVAILABLE TO US FOR BOTH THE PROGRAM THAT WAS RUNNING PLUS THE DATA THAT WE WERE PROCESSING....AS YOU CAN IMAGINE WE HAD TO BE VERY CREATIVE IN THE USE OF OUR INTERNAL MEMORY AND COULD ONLY BRING A LIMITED AMOUNT OF DATA INTO THE SYSTEM AT ONE TIME....DO THE REQUIRED 'WORK' ON IT AND THEN PASS IT OUT OF THE SYSTEM TO EITHER BE PUNCHED INTO CARDS, OR WRITTEN ON A MAG TAPE, OR PRINTED IN A REPORT.... HERE IS A PIC OF THE 'MONSTER' MACHINE THAT SEPARATED AN ORIGINAL FROM CARBON COPIES OF A PRINTED REPORT.....IF THERE WERE FIVE COPIES OF THE ORIGINAL, AN OPERATOR WOULD HAVE TO RUN THE PAPER REPORT THROUGH THIS SEPARATOR FIVE TIMES..AS I WAS BEING TRAINED ABOUT THE ENTIRE DEPARTMENT BEFORE GOING TO IBM PROGRAMMING SCHOOL, I HAD MY 'RUN-INS' WITH THIS MACHINE...THERE WAS NO WAY TO USE IT WITHOUT GETTING CARBON BLACK ON YOUR CLOTHES (THAT'S HOW WE KNEW THIS ONE GUY WAS WEARING THE SAME SHIRT MORE THAN ONE DAY....HE HAD THE SAME CARBON 'TATS' ON HIS SHIRT TWO DAYS IN A ROW..LOL)




IN ADDITION TO MY PROGRAMMING FOR UNION PLANTERS, THE BANK ASSIGNED ME THE TASK OF AUTOMATING THE MORTGAGE LOAN ACCOUNTING DEPARTMENT OF ONE OF OUR MAJOR CLIENTS....PERCY GALBREATH & SONS MORTGAGE COMPANY....FOR OVER A YEAR, I WORKED WITH THEIR ACCOUNTING EMPLOYEES....FIRST LEARNING THE BASICS OF THE MORTGAGE LENDING AND SERVICING INDUSTRY....THEN DESIGNING THE FLOW CHART OF PROGRAMS....THEN WRITING THE PROGRAMS AND FINALLY TRAINING THEIR EMPLOYEES AND MANAGEMENT ON THE USE OF THEIR REPORTS....AS I RECALL THIS WAS THE FIRST AUTOMATED SYSTEM FOR MORTGAGE COMPANIES IN MEMPHIS WHICH WAS COMPLETELY PRODUCED IN HOUSE AND TAILORED FOR A COMPANY...
MRS. BETTY KESTER WAS AN OLDER LADY WHO SUPERVISED THEIR ACCOUNTING DEPARTMENT AND SHE AMAZED ME AT HER WILLINGNESS TO ADAPT TO SUCH MAJOR CHANGE AND AT HER ABILITY TO GRASP THE DETAILS OF IT...WITHOUT HER HELP I WOULD HAVE HAD A MISERABLE EXPERIENCE FOR SURE.....AFTER BILL WAS BORN SHE ASKED FOR A PICTURE OF HIM AND HAD SOMEONE DO A PROFESSIONAL DECOUPAGE OF IT ONTO A BLOCK OF WOOD TO GIVE AS A PRESENT TO US......
THE TWELVE YEARS ASSOCIATED WITH UNION PLANTERS PROVIDED ME WITH SOME FRIENDSHIPS THAT ARE MAINTAINED TO THIS DAY, BOTH WITHIN THE BANK AND OUTSIDE WITH BANK CLIENTS....I WAS SENT TO MIAMI TO MAKE A PROPOSAL TO THE FRANK J. ROONEY CONSTRUCTION COMPANY FOR US TO PROVIDE COMPUTER PAYROLL SERVICES WHILE THEY BUILT THE NEW BRIDGE OVER THE MISSISSIPPI....WE GOT THEIR BUSINESS....I WORKED WITH FOLKS WITH STAX RECORD IN ITS HEY-DAY IN ORDER TO GAIN THEIR PAYROLL PROCESSING...(IT WAS FOUNDED BY TWO FORMER UNION PLANTERS EMPLOYEES....A BROTHER AND SISTER DUO.. JIM STEWART AND ESTELLE AXTON....)...I SAW SOME OF MY FELLOW OFFICERS IN THE BANK GO TO PRISON DUE TO GREED AND CORRUPTION....BEFORE THEIR SCHEME CRUMBLED, ONE OF THEM CAME TO TELL ME GOODBYE AT MY GOING AWAY PARTY IN MAY 1974 AND AS HE LEFT I REMARKED..."JESSE, I'LL BE PRAYING FOR YOU.", NOT ACTUALLY KNOWING HOW MUCH HE WOULD NEED THAT...SOME YEARS LATER I WROTE TO HIM WHILE HE WAS SERVING HIS SENTENCE AND GOT A KIND NOTE BACK....
THE BANK AFFORDED ME TRIPS TO MIAMI, AS MENTIONED, CHICAGO, CLEVELAND, ST. LOUIS, AND NEW YORK, WHERE I SAW THE ORIGINAL 'SUPREMES' AS WE SAT TWO TABLES OVER FROM ED SULLIVAN AND DIAHANN CARROLL...MANY GREAT MEMORIES AND MANY INSTRUCTIVE EXPERIENCES THAT HAVE SERVED ME WELL OVER THE YEARS IN ALL OF LIFE....LOOKING BACK I 'SEE' THE GUIDANCE OF GOD ALL THROUGH MY LIFE, INCLUDING, AMONG OTHER THINGS, THE SERENDIPITY OF TELLING MR. RAUSCHER ON THAT FIRST DAY, THAT I WOULD GIVE THAT DATA PROCESSING OPENING A 'SHOT'...GOD'S GRACE IS AMAZING IN SO MANY WAYS!!


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